How to Make Mozzarella

How to make mozzarella

I have always wanted to try my hand at making mozzarella cheese. Perhaps the reason I haven’t made it sooner is because I had never had access to real milk. And by “real,” I mean: local, fresh-out-of- the-cow, full-fat, never seen the inside of a pasteurizer, hormone-free, I’ve met the cow that made it, MILK. I have my chickens to thank for connecting me with Lauren Hastings Kaplan, a member of a family-owned dairy farm in town, Hastings Farm.

Rachel Divider

Small talk about my flock at a school function for our children resulted in a business partnership and friendship with Lauren and her family. When she and her sister, Megan, were preparing to open their new farm store last year, Lauren called to ask about selling my eggs. Megan and Lauren have been selling my eggs as well as their milk, yogurts and cheeses ever since then.

The entrance to Hastings Farm (above) & some of the ladies. With garden fresh tomatoes and basil in abundant supply right now, I decided to try my hand at making mozzarella cheese.  I relied upon several recipes, most heavily upon recipes from the New England Cheesemaking Company and Leener’s. While it took me somewhat longer than 30 minutes, it was fun and easy to make. Obtaining real milk from Hastings Farm was  the first step. I’ve never tasted raw milk before and it was indeed a treat. The remaining ingredients can be obtained at any cheese-making supply company and online.

Megan had just finished milking and poured some for me to take home.

How to Make Mozzarella


1 gallon of milk (preferably local, raw, hormone-free)
1 ½ teaspoon citric acid dissolved in 1cup water
¼ rennet tablet dissolved in ¼ cup water
1 teaspoon cheese salt

A stainless steel pot, stainless steel slotted spoon, colander and a thermometer will be needed. (Brinsea Incubator, optional except in my house where every counter currently has one incubator on it!)

On medium heat, pour milk into a cold, stainless steel pot and slowly heat the milk.

Dissolve 1 1/2 teaspoons of citric acid powder in 1 cup water.

Add citric acid water to milk, stirring constantly.

Bring the temperature of the milk slowly up to 90°F.

Curdled milk. Mmm.
Dissolve 1/4 tablet rennet in 1/4 cup water.
When milk reaches 90°F, remove from heat & slowly stir in rennet. Stir to combine. Cover pot and let rest for 5 minutes.

Curd should look like custard and the whey, clear. Cut the curd into 1″ squares with a large knife.

Return pot to burner and heat to 105°F, stirring slowly. Add salt.

The curd should have stayed cubed at this point, which means my curd could have set a little longer after I added the rennet, but it turned out perfectly in the end.

Remove curd from whey with a slotted spoon and drain in a colander over a bowl.

Drain the curd, gently pressing to remove whey.

Place curd in microwave-safe bowl and heat on high for 60 seconds.

Pour off excess whey. Knead and microwave for 30 seconds. Pour off excess whey again. Add salt and knead into curd. Return to microwave for 30 seconds. Pour off excess whey.

Turn out onto clean workspace and knead, stretch, repeat.

The stretching is the fun part!

Form into a ball until smooth and shiny.

Place cheese into an ice bath to set shape and cool.

Wrap tightly in plastic wrap and refrigerate.

Nothing says summer quite like caprese salad. Slice tomatoes and mozzarella then top with basil leaves and a light drizzle of extra virgin olive oil. Buon Appetito!

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Mila Furman
Mila Furman
6 years ago

I have been wanting to make homemade mozz for quite some time…Looking forward to trying your way out! Thanks for joining the Foodie Fridays linky party! I have chosen you as one of my faves on the Girl and the Kitchen dot com!

6 years ago

Give it a try, Michelle, it's pretty fun!

Michelle Nahom
6 years ago

That's pretty amazing! I never considered trying to make my own mozzarella! Thanks for sharing the process with us! I love fresh mozzarella…I bet this tastes amazing!

Crochet Hooks
Crochet Hooks
6 years ago

oh looks yummy! I will have to try this, I would LOVE to make my own cheese!

6 years ago

I love fresh mozzarella. I don't have raw milk but maybe I will try this when I am in Vermont with the grand kids. Lots of dairy farms there. I bet the taste is fabulous.