Chickens, Predators & The Myth of Supervised Free Range

 Chickens, predators & the myth of supervised free-range.
Part of the responsibility I feel in writing my blog and keeping my Facebook page includes bringing awareness to problems and concerns that all chicken-keepers face. We have a lot of fun with stories and pictures of the pleasant side of keeping chickens, but important topics that make us uncomfortable must be addressed as well. My hope in sharing my experiences is that they will provoke constructive dialogue and thought about how we handle these issues individually. How we care for and keep our chickens and property safe is important to discuss, but in the end, our choices are personal and not subject to others’ approval.What is the best quality life I can afford my chickens given my risk tolerance for loss to predators?With all the joys and benefits that come with keeping backyard chickens, there are plenty of heartbreaks and weighty decisions to be made about their care, chief among them, whether or not to permit a flock to free-range. This is a sensitive subject and for good reason- the stakes are high and the emotions it evokes, even higher.

In a predator-free world, who wouldn’t prefer allowing their chickens to roam freely, unconstrained by  galvanized mesh barriers to explore fresh, clean land and manage their own diets by foraging on insects and vegetation, all while getting plenty of exercise?  But, we do not live in a predator-free world and choices must be made based upon our risk tolerances and what we feel is right.
 Chickens, predators & the myth of supervised free-range.


The theory of “supervised free-range” suggests that one can prevent predators attack from happening by being physically present with the flock while they graze, unconfined. The concept of supervised free-range seems like a reasonable compromise between the two extremes of complete physical freedom and constant confinement to a limited area. Unfortunately, supervised free-range does not actually prevent predator losses as I witnessed just prior to dusk last night. A coyote silently and skillfully procured his dinner from my flock as I stood mere yards away. My rooster, Blaze, immediately rushed to aid his hen, but the perpetrator and his victim were long gone by the time he reached the crime scene.
Just prior to dusk last night, a coyote silently and skillfully procured his dinner from my flock as I stood nearby.While I wish it were true that chickens are safe when we are nearby, it simply is not. Free-ranging chickens, supervised and unsupervised are fair game in the food chain. A predator’s hunger can take precedence over any fear of humans, and the speed with which they procure their meal, quicker than the eye. While I was armed with only a camera last night, even if  I had been holding a loaded firearm, I could not have prevented or stopped the coyote attack from occurring.
We do not live in a predator-free world and choices must be made based upon our own risk tolerances and what we feel is right. The attack itself, which occurred right behind me, is not depicted in this video, what the video shows is what was going on in front of me as it happened. By the time I turned around, the coyote was a vanishing blur and all that remained of my hen was a pile of feathers (also not shown).

There is no question that unconstrained ranging on pasture is a more natural experience for chickens or that they are healthier as a result of being able to choose from Nature’s buffet of greens and protein sources while getting much-needed exercise. The only question that remains is, what is the best quality of life I can afford my chickens given my risk tolerance for predators?

Personally, I prefer to allow my chickens live their lives fully and freely, unconfined during the day and if Nature claims them back into the food chain, I grudgingly accept that fate.
What is the best quality life I can afford my chickens given my risk tolerance for loss to predators?The messages I hope to impart by sharing this experience are that:

  • the benefits and risks of free-ranging should be thoughtfully weighed;
  • one’s personal risk tolerance for loss should be carefully considered;
  • what one flock-keeper is comfortable with is the right choice for them- others need not approve.

I am always mindful that we built our house in Nature’s backyard, not the other way around and I accept the rules of the game that were in place before we imposed upon it.
Kathy Shea Mormino, The Chicken Chick®

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Katelyn EJudy ToddSandie JohnsonEileen HoffmanLisa Cross Recent comment authors
Katelyn E
Katelyn E

This was what I needed. I have been letting my girls out on days when we are home, but I know there is still a lot of risk involved. I haven’t had a loss yet, but I think I plan to continue to do this, as I see how happy they are to be free.

Sandie Johnson
Sandie Johnson

I am so torn when it comes to my girls. I moved from a home that allowed my girls to roam freely from dawn to dusk. They loved their life. We then moved to the mountains and now have more land, 2 acres and I am forced to keep them penned up in their coop for fear of predators. Red tailed hawks flying over head all day long and coyotes and bobcats every evening. They yearn to go out and free range but I know it’ll mean their demise sooner than later. I wish I was able to make their… Read more »

Eileen Hoffman
Eileen Hoffman

thanks for that, it’s nice to know that someone with so much experience thinks the way I do. We have taken our hits (feral dogs being the most egregious), but I still let them out every day. Would be interested in your opinion as to whether or not a rooster really can deter any predator? Or other than fertilization, why do I need him?

Lisa Cross
Lisa Cross

For me, quality of life outweighs the risk presented by free-ranging. My chickens eagerly wait for me to let them out of their run each morning- they’d be miserable if not allowed to roam. Thankfully I’ve only lost one to a predator, and that happened at night IN the coop.

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